Dedicated to thoughts about software testing, QA, and other software quality related practices. I will also address software requirements, tools, standards, processes, and other essential aspects of the software quality equation.
Friday, December 16, 2011
Video on How to De-Motivate Your Team
The featured video this week on Techwell is from the lighting keynote I did at StarEast 2011:
A little context to help understand my remarks: 1) Osama Bin Laden had just been killed and 2) there was a DECA conference at the hotel at the same time with many teenagers running around. They were well-behaved for the most part, but at the same time, we were happy to see them leave.
Monday, November 28, 2011
Drilling for Gold
I was watching Gold Rush last Friday night on Discovery channel. The crew felt that they needed assurance that there was some gold in the ground below them. As one of the guys remarked, "Unfortunately, there is no arrow on the map that says, 'dig for gold here'".
In fact, one veteran gold miner said, "No drill, no dig."
So, they hired a guy to bring a drilling truck out to the site to drill all the way down to bedrock. Then, they removed the dirt from the drill bit, placed it into individual buckets (one per hole), and panned the dirt for gold.
By doing this, they confirmed there was gold in the ground where they were currently digging, and no gold at all in their "plan B" location.
Does this sound familiar? They were "testing" for gold by taking samples. The results of their tests were very valuable in guiding the next steps of their work. The risk is that it costs about $1,000 per day just in fuel costs to run the earth movers.
I think this is a really great analogy of what we do as testers, especially in black-box, top-down testing. The defects are like the gold. In fact, a software defect is more valuable than one ounce of gold when you consider the cost savings of post-implementation re-work! Then, when we learn from the defects and improve our practices, the defects have even greater value.
The main difference between gold mining and testing is that we're not always sure when something is a defect, but you can't miss gold.
My approach in top-down testing is to cover the critical workflow processes (scraping the surface). When defects are found, drill down to find others. This form of sampling makes use of the principle that defects tend to cluster.
Like gold mining, in testing, there are no indicators that say, "Look here for defects." We have to sample wisely to gain insight where to focus our efforts. There's gold (or defects) in them there hills!
Monday, November 21, 2011
Small Business Saturday and Cyber Monday Specials
We are excited to be a part of Small Business Saturday!
This is a special opportunity for you to support us as a small business and to get major savings on our e-learning training courses in software testing and software quality.
Every e-learning course will be discounted from Saturday, Nov. 26 through midnight on Monday, Nov. 28th. This even includes our ISTQB Foundation-level course, which includes the exam and additional text book!
There are no limits. Buy as many courses as you like!
Plus, if you pay with American Express, you can get an extra $25 back!
American Express is promoting Small Business Saturday again this year. Register your American Express when it opens November 1st, and then use your registered card to shop at a participating small business on Saturday, November 26th. You’ll receive a $25 statement credit when you spend $25 or more at participating small businesses. From this press release:
"For the second year in a row, American Express will help drive traffic through the doors of small businesses with a special incentive: a $25 statement credit offer for Cardmembers when they register their Card and spend $25 or more on Small Business Saturday at any qualifying small business that accepts the American Express Card. Cardmembers will be able to register their cards in early November."
To register your American Express card, visit http://www.facebook.com/SmallBusinessSaturday
Here's how to get these savings on our e-learning courses:
1. If the training is for your team, get your budget allocation and approvals from your management. This is a great way to make the best use of remaining 2011 training funds!
2. If the training is just for you, don't spend all your money on Friday!
3. Visit our e-commerce site at http://www.mysoftwaretesting.com and buy the courses you like. The discounted prices will be shown.
Remember that you have 12 months of access to the courses, even after you complete the course! To see other benefits and features:
To see demos of the courses:
Of course, I am always happy to answer any questions:
I hope you take advantage of this rare opportunity!Randy
Wednesday, November 09, 2011
Book Review - The Economics of Software Quality
ISBN-10: 0132582201 ISBN-13: 978-0132582209
Publication Date: August 3, 2011
587 pages, hardcover
In this book, authors Capers Jones and Olivier Bonsignour quantify the factors that influence software quality and provide information for people to gain insight into how their projects might compare to others. The measurements in this book are based on thousands of software projects.
One of my frequent complaints about the software industry is that we just don't measure very many things. However, thankfully there are people like Jones and Bonsignour that do have a rich source of metrics from enough projects that we can learn from them.
Capers Jones has long been considered the source for software quality metrics. To me, Capers is the "numbers guy" of our profession. With over 40 years in the field, Jones has a wealth of information he has maintained and published over many years.
Olivier Bonsignour is responsible for Research & Development and Product Management in a continual effort to build the world’s most advanced Application Intelligence technology. Prior to joining CAST, Mr. Bonsignour was the CIO for DGA, the advanced research division of the French Ministry of Defense.
For example, the authors state that "high quality levels are invariable associated with shorter-than-average development schedules and lower-than-average development costs." This finding is based on over 13,000 projects between 1973 and today.
The authors maintain that the real economic value of high quality software is not the cost to fix defects, but rather:
- the reduced likelihood of canceled projects
- the reduced risk of litigation
- shortened development schedules
- lower development costs
- reduced warranty costs
- increased customer satisfaction
- What is software quality and how do we define its value?
- How can we estimate and measure software quality?
- How can software defects be prevented?
- How can we find and remove defects before testing?
- What are effective ways to test software and measure its effectiveness?
- What is the current state of post-delivery software defects?
- How do projects of various characteristics (low, average and high-quality) compare?
- How can technical debt be addressed from a business value perspective?
By reading this book, you will gain insight not only into the current state of software quality, but you will also learn about measurement and metrics of software. These are critical things for any software quality professional to learn. In fact, after reading this book, you will know more about software measurement than 95% (that's my estimate) of testers and QA professionals.
I highly recommend this book, not only as a guide for software quality efforts, but also a benchmark for your own efforts.
Tuesday, November 08, 2011
The Greatest Risk of All
Hans Solo understood this risk when he admonished young Luke Skywalker, “Don’t get too cocky, kid.”
There are many ways this risk can be seen:
- People who tune out mentally in training because they think they already know the material. However, these people hardly ever ask any questions, either.
- Project planners who indicate all contingencies are considered.
- Everyday situations where we buy something, then learn the details about the product that are discovered only after trying to resolve a problem.
It is the “unknown unknowns.” There is nothing new about this. British Mathematician Alfred North Whitehead, who lived from 1861 to 1947, said “Not ignorance, but ignorance of ignorance is the death of knowledge”.
In an article published recently in the journal Science Communication, Jerome Ravetz writes:
“The idea of ignorance of ignorance is quite unfamiliar. Indeed, scientific culture generally suppresses awareness of ignorance. But ignorance of ignorance was quite well-known from Plato and Socrates onward; it became unpopular in the scientific revolution with Galileo and Descartes. Since then, the triumphalist faith that science would provide the good and the true has put ignorance to one side, and led scientists to the sin of pride in their scientific conquests.” 1
We know some things pretty well. For example, we know we need to test software. We also know we can’t find all the defects in software. We know where we have missed defects in the past.
The problem is, when we tackle something new, the rules change and no one is there to tell us what the rules are and how others play to the rules or cheat the rules. The risk comes into play when we ignore that fact or minimize it.
Looking for Gold in All the Wrong Places
“Gold Rush Alaska ” is about a team of rookie gold miners who go to Alaska to find gold. The oldest member of the team tried many years ago to find gold, but that’s about all the experience that exists on the team. It seems that at almost every step in their gold finding effort, they discover what they didn’t know. The first hurdle came when they had to drive their main earth mover through a wide river because the bridge was too old and weak to handle the weight. Then came the time when they called in a gold mining expert who showed them how their dirt washer was letting much of the gold pass right out the exit and into the river. Once again, an “unknown unknown”. There were also dozens of other things these guys learned and are still learning. I admire their tenacity and faith. I hope they succeed before they run out of money and hope.
It is often said that “Beginners make dumb mistakes.” I prefer the way that Jerry Weinberg says it instead – “Beginners make beginner mistakes.” That’s a good thing for us software people to remember.
Phases of Realization
I have observed that people tend to go through phases when faced with a new situation:
1. Cluelessness (Blissful ignorance)
At this level, people are so unaware of their situation and risks, they “don’t know that they don’t know what they don’t know.” This is total cluelessness, but also very common. It’s like deciding to build a house without really understanding all the problems and stress. It’s very exciting at first to be thinking of your dream home, but then the decisions arise, delays are encountered, things may be done incorrectly and so forth. Ask anyone who has ever had a house built and they probably have a list of ten or more major things they would do differently. One of those things might be “not to have a house built.”
This is where you have enough objectivity to at least ask, “What are we missing?” You try to analyze and plan as much as possible, but it’s still only partial understanding of the possibilities. It’s much like going on a trip, thinking through all the clothes you will need, only to learn that the weather at your destination is much different than what you expected it to be.
3. Cautious awareness
In this phase, you are aware of the possibility of that “unknown unknowns” exist. You try your best to anticipate the unknown, but you hit the wall everyone hits. That is, you can’t prepare for everything. You might also think of this as “risk acceptance”.
4. Contingency planning
Realizing that you can’t prepare for everything totally, you put in place reserves to account for the unexpected. These are your Plan B, C and D for dealing with the unknown. In fact, some of the contingencies may seem totally outrageous.
In Oklahoma, where I live, most people have some type of tornado precautions and contingencies. Not so much for earthquakes until this week. Last Saturday evening, November 5, 2011, about 11 P.M. we had a 5.7 earthquake in central Oklahoma. In the past year, we have had a sharp increase in earthquakes. It’s odd to think that I have experienced more earthquakes in Oklahoma than I did while working nine months in San Francisco a couple of years ago! Sure, we’re small time compared to other places, but I’m thinking that more Oklahoma businesses are thinking about earthquake drills. 2
Now that you understand the risk of the unknowns and have some back-up plans in place, you start to feel more confident in your ability to succeed. However, it is a false level of confidence in the contingencies.
Next to the early phases of cluelessness and curiosity, this may be the most dangerous phase because it easy for us to think we know more than we actually do know. We think, “Don’t worry, we have contingency plans in place.”
This reminds me of the time many years ago when one of my clients needed to restore the main database to recover from a power outage. Then they learned that the operator had failed to mount the second tape during the backup process. For some reason, the operator had misinterpreted the message that prompted for the next tape. This had been going on for months!
There is an old adage about judgment and experience. “To avoid mistakes, you need to have good judgment. To get good judgment, you have to make some mistakes.” Comforting, isn’t it?
There are two basic ways to learn: From your own mistakes and from other people’s mistakes. The good thing about learning from other people’s mistakes is that you avoid their pain. The bad thing is that we tend to observe these mistakes and think, “Oh, that not going to happen to us.”
A good thing that happens in this phase is that people may have the foresight to get an external opinion. This would have really helped the gold miners early on.
Once you have asked the key questions, developed some contingencies, and reached out to others, you are ready to make adjustments. The question is, what will those adjustments look like?
Another bit of wisdom I learned from Jerry Weinberg is the “ Hudson Bay Start.” Back in the days of the Hudson Bay Trading Company, when the Canadian frontier was being settled, part of the plan was to travel west for one day. Then the next day, they would go back to the start and pick up the things they realized they missed the first time.
This is why I like pilot projects with low risk. You get a chance to learn what you don’t know. You can make mistakes without a lot of the downside risks.
It’s important to understand in this phase that the risk of the unknowns still exist. Going forward, you have to rely on your ability to adapt to new challenges and find a way to overcome them. This is where all of your experience and wisdom are needed.
8. Compilation and completion
It’s amazing how quickly we forget things. A good practice is to actually write down the things you learn and review them from time to time. My own practice for this is to keep a journal of the important lessons I experience. I may experience a lesson several times before I really “learn” it.
As someone has said, “All lessons will be repeated until learned.” I don’t know who said that, maybe I read it on a bumper sticker. But, I know it’s true.
Albert Einstein is often quoted, “Insanity: doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.”
My point here is that if we don’t learn from our mistakes and omissions, then we deserve the pain from them.
I’ll admit that achieving this kind of learning at an organizational level is difficult and rare. This is not about sponsoring training programs – it is much more experience-based than training. I think this level of learning must be personal. Organizations and institutions don’t learn – people do. It takes individuals to think, reflect and change their behavior.
What Can We Do?
This is the troubling thing about the unknown unknowns. You never totally mitigate this risk. However, there are some things we can do that may or may not help:
- Stay humble and recognize that unknown unknowns exists.
- Be flexible and adaptive when mistakes and problems occur.
- Learn from yourself and others.
- Reach out to others to ask questions before you embark on something new.
- Keep a record of things you learn.
- Have contingency plans and resource reserves, just don't place total trust in them.
The recent master of the concept of the unknown unknowns is Donald Rumsfeld. Unfortunately, people failed to follow the message and it was the brunt of jokes.
Here is how he stated it, transformed into poetic form:
There are known knowns.
There are things we know we know.
We also know
There are known unknowns.
That is to say
We know there are some things
We do not know.
But there are also unknown unknowns,
The ones we don't know
We don't know.
1. Jerome R. Ravetz , “The Sin of Science - Ignorance of Ignorance”, Science Communication, September 2011
Wednesday, October 05, 2011
Self-Assessment Files from Becoming an Influential Test Team Leader at StarWest 2011
I promised the people in my Tuesday tutorial at StarWest 2011 the Word versions of the two self-assessments: One on the people issues in testing and the other on building core competencies in testing. Here they are!
Core competency self-assessment
Feel free to modify for your own purposes. Thanks to everyone who attended my tutorial. It was a great time!
Saturday, July 09, 2011
Giving the Customer a Little Extra
I had a revelation awhile back at Five Guys Burgers. I know, for many people, revelations happen in church, during a sunset, etc. Mine happen while I'm stuffing my face.
If you have ever eaten at Five Guys, you know the throw an extra handful of fries in your bag on top of everything. There's a good chance you may get full on the fries before you ever reach the actual container of fries. This got me thinking about why they did this. Then it struck me, this is a Purple Cow. How many other fast food places do that?
In contrast, I got a burger and large fries from one of our local chains (Braum's) recently. When I looked at the fries, I could count them. There were 15 I think. Plus, they were those frozen ones, unlike Five Guys which are cut in the store (like In-n-Out).
It probably costs five cents or less to throw in the extra handful of fries. In return, Five Guys gets loyal and raving customers. I've never seen an ad - print, TV, web, anything, but I've talked to many people who brag on them.
So, what's the attraction? What makes the difference?
Isn't it nice when you get more than you expect, not less?
This is our new Five Guys in Moore. Someone apparently thought it was a drive-in.
It's sad that in our society, people are cynics about deals. I see this all the time in dealing with our customers at Rice Consulting. I quote a price and people ask, "What's the catch?". It's simple. There are no catches.
For example, I give 12 months for people to finish an e-learning course. Most of our competitors give 90 days. If someone needs more time, I always extend the time to take a course.
After a class, I'm always available to answer post-class questions for free. During an e-learning class, I always answer questions as part of the class fee. After a consulting engagement, I always answer post-engagement questions.
In the past weeks, here are some other great examples:
We bought a 2010 Ford Explorer recently from Reynolds Ford in Norman, OK. I didn't haggle on the price, bought the extra protection package, got Ford financing, the works. The whole process took a little over an hour and went as smooth as silk. Our salesmen, Brent was helpful, friendly and knowledgeable. Then, I discovered there was only one set of keys. So, I called Jayna at the dealership for an extra set since they cost about $200 these days for the chipped keys. When I picked up my car from the service area, they had an extra set of keys for me. Oh, and when we took possession of the car, it had a full tank of gas, was washed and the tires were glossed. That's extra for the customer and I'm a fan now. Reynolds Ford knows the value of a lifetime customer is more than $200.
Today, I bought two pounds of coffee at a Starbucks in Norman. The barista offered me a free cup of coffee. Even at 108 degrees out, I accepted. Let it never be said that I ever turned down a free cup of coffee. As James Garner (a Norman native) said in Support Your Local Sheriff, "I never turned down a cup of coffee in my life."
I have actually asked for a free cup of coffee when buying several bags of coffee at other Starbucks and the response was "Sorry, we don't do that anymore." That left me unimpressed. I'm much more inclined now to buy from the Norman store.
There used to be a time when giving a little extra to the customer was common practice. Now it seems that the trend is to reduce the product and charge the same. I believe that's a short-sighted approach.
It appears to me that giving added value is the result of both good policy (that's the role of management) and good performance (that's the role of the person delivering the service.)
At Five Guys, their corporate policy is to top off the fries. At Braum's, their policy is to not under any circumstances exceed the size of the container.
In other cases, like at Reynold's Ford and Starbucks, it's the performance of the right people making the right decision by the customer.
In software testing, we need to be showing our added value. One way to do that is to give a little extra to your customers. Be helpful to them. Ask what they need. If they don't know what they need, help them see the possibilities.
Some people see their customers as "those which must be endured." For sure, there are challenges. I choose to see my customers as the reason I'm in business - to serve and to stay in business.
You may not have a "business" but I suggest that you have many of the same reasons to please your customers. Without them, you wouldn't have a job.
OK, enough for now. I'll go practice Black Dog (Led Zeppelin) and Bach Cello Prelude 1. What can I say? I have a wide range of musical tastes!
Have a great weekend!
Wednesday, July 06, 2011
Book Review - Documenting Software Architecture, 2nd. ED
Authors: Clements, Bachmann, Bass, Garlan, Ivers, Little, Merson, Nord, Stafford
Addison-Wesley, 537 pages
As a software tester, I rely heavily on system documentation. Unfortunately, documentation is often missing, obsolete, or never created in the first place.
Also, I have a great appreciation for software architects and the work they produce. As a former developer, I used to struggle with the best ways to express system architecture diagrams. After all, there are so many methods available to document systems – UML being a major one, but there are others.
When I started reading this book, I was struck by its practicality, beautiful simplicity, and integration between authors. Everything I read in this book is written in a clear and understandable way. The authors understand that different audiences will read this book, so they give graphical (of course) guidance in which chapters are most applicable to architects, stakeholders and novices.
This book covers the basics, such as module views and module styles, component and connector views, allocation views and styles.
Part two of the book goes beyond the basics and gets into issues regarding levels of detail, deciding among alternatives, documenting interfaces and documenting behavior. Part three is devoted to building the architecture documentation.
There are appendices devoted to UML, SysML and AADL to show how architectural documentation is shown in each of these.
It would be tempting to say that this book is needed for new technologies, such as SOA and the cloud, which is true, but too narrow. Actually, this book can be applied to any technology or approach – traditional, agile, iterative, or anything. That’s because the one thing people ask for and struggle with is documentation. This is especially true for architectural documentation.
Read this book and apply the things in it and you will stand out on projects - in a good way. And, of course, that’s a good thing!
Monday, July 04, 2011
Test Automation is Not Automatic
Recently while teaching a workshop on Testing Dirty Systems, I uttered this “Randyism” off the top of my head, “Test automation is not automatic.” I realized immediately that I had just concisely stated the problem in making test automation a reality in many organizations.
Most testers know that test automation is not automatic. (Wouldn’t it be great?) However, management many times does not know or accept that reality.
There are some test tools, such as unit test tools, that are practically automatically applied. My remarks in this article are aimed at the capture/playback and scripting tools for test automation.
The issues are that:
1) Not every test can or should be automated
2) For those tests that can be automated, it takes time and effort to build the automation
3) For those tests that have been automated, the tests must be maintained
4) It takes time to lean how to use a tool
5) It takes effort and planning to implement a test automation framework
None of these are automatic, even with the best of tools.
Not Every Test Can or Should be Automated
Think about the things you test that are not very repeatable. Or, they may be prone to constant change. Perhaps the things you test are developed in a technology that has little or no tool support.
Then, there are tests such as user acceptance tests that need people’s evaluation to judge acceptance.
Some tests require creativity and adaptation to perform. You may have to make judgments during the test, which may be too complex to describe in a script. Test automation leverages the mundane testing to give more time and attention to the unique tests.
Your job is to identify the tests that can be automated. (They don’t come labeled!) Then, you must understand the nature of the test, such as the pre-requisites, the steps to perform it, the exceptions and where to find the expected results. None of this is automatic. It’s all test design and test implementation.
For Those Tests That Can Be Automated, It Takes Time And Effort To Build The Automation
It’s one thing to automate a function, but another to design a good test of the function. That’s why capture/playback is so appealing, yet lacking. The issues are: What are you testing in the capture session? Then, how can you extend those tests to add value?
You have to apply approaches like data-driven testing and keyword-driven testing, which take time and effort to understand and implement. These are not “out of the box” deliverables.
For Those Tests That Have Been Automated, The Tests Must Be Maintained
This has been one of the consistent issues in test automation. There are things you can do to ease the maintenance burden, but it doesn’t do away with the issue.
For example, modular and reusable test scripts are very helpful in reducing the number of tests that must be maintained. Still, you must maintain the scripts you have.
This means you must know when the application has changed, what the changes were, and create new tests for those changes. This implies the presence of configuration management and traceability.
It Takes Time To Lean How To Use A Tool
Of course, the learning curve varies by tool, but the fact remains that a tool with sophisticated features will take some time to learn. The learning curve also varies by person. Some people with deep experience in automation may be able to learn very fast, but when you consider the wider deployment, most people will fall on the lower end of the experience scale.
The time also varies by the approach used to get training. Some people try self-learning which is noble, but typically takes longer than classroom training. Mentoring from an experienced person may be the best approach.
You must assess your organization’s skills and abilities to know even if mentoring will help. The best mentor in the world can’t help the person who isn’t ready to learn. Is that another “Randyism?”
It Takes Effort, Money And Planning To Implement A Test Automation Framework
The framework can take a variety of forms, but the context here is the organizational framework which provides a way to efficiently build and control test automation. Tools are only one-third of the picture. You also need processes with trained and motivated people to make everything work together.
Out of the box, tools are just software. A process framework helps with reuse and the maintenance of test automation.
Frameworks aren’t automatic, either. They must be adapted to fit each situation, therefore they require time, effort and funding to design and implement.
This article is certainly not an in-depth treatment of this topic. Entire books and training courses have been written to address these and other aspects of test automation.
I hope this expands on my simple statement “Test automation is not automatic” to provoke your own thinking on this reality.
For over twenty years now, I have seen a wide variety of test tool companies promote their tools as being effort-free, script-less, or however they choose to position their products. The evidence shows these are often empty claims. Just compare the numbers of people who have been successful in using test automation tools to those who have given up using the tools. It’s about 25% successful to 75% unsuccessful in my research.
I hope this article is an encouragement to those who have tried to implement test automation as well as to those who haven’t. It’s important to go into these projects with your eyes open and expectations at a realistic level. Once you get past the idea that the tools do all the work, you can do the planning and other work needed to increase your chances of success.
Test Manager Workshop with Randall Rice and William Perry
Name your software testing challenge and other test mangers and the workshop faculty will give you solutions!
As a software test manager, you face pressure from all directions. Customers expect high-quality products, project managers want to get the projects delivered on time, your management expects you to do more with less, and your team needs your leadership.
You could take a class in software test leadership or management, but much of the knowledge comes from the front of the room. What if you could determine the topics based on your own needs?
This is not a class or a conference, but a highly interactive and personal event. You will spend time personally with William Perry and Randall Rice to discuss your specific testing needs.
You need a mentor! Personal mentoring is one of the most effective ways to get guidance and build knowledge. Mentoring fills the gap that training cannot fill by giving you face-to-face, personal feedback about how to deal with tough issues.
In this unique opportunity, you can spend two days with two respected test management consultants, William E. Perry and Randall W. Rice to gain insight and solve your specific testing problems. Perry and Rice literally wrote the book on people issues in software testing. William E. Perry has written over 30 books on software testing and quality assurance. They share over 80 years of professional software quality and testing experience in world-class organizations.
Any and all topics are on the table. As an example, some of the topics suggested by test managers are:
• People issues in software development and testing
• Testing large and complex legacy systems
• Testing SOA and cloud-based applications
• Test metrics and measurements for showing your value
• How to grow as a test team leader
• How to communicate your value and your team’s value
• How to grow your team
• Test tools and test automation
• Software QA processes
• Software forensics
• Testing internal controls
• Testing information security
• Applying statistical methods to software quality
• Gathering and defining testable user requirements
• Managing expectations
• The Ins and Outs of software test certifications
• Any topic of interest to you!
You will leave this event with confidence and knowledge in how to best approach your situations.
Location – Orlando, FL (exact venue to be announced later)
Dates – Thursday, October 27 and Friday, October 28, 2011
Cost - $1,295 per person
Seats are limited, so reserve yours early to avoid disappointment.
Attend one day earlier to have an extra opportunity with Randy and Bill to learn how to test dirty systems.
The day prior to the workshop, William Perry and Randall Rice will be conducting a one-day interactive workshop based on their new book, Testing Dirty Systems. In this workshop you will learn:
• How to apply statistical process control (SPC) to software development and maintenance
• How to acquire system knowledge
• How to plan and perform the testing of large, complex and undocumented systems
• How to measure and report the test results in value-added ways
• How to use test results to clean a dirty system
Location – Orlando, FL (exact venue to be announced later)
Date: Wednesday, October 26, 2011
Cost - $550 per person if attended as part of the two-day Software Test Managers’ Workshop, $690 if attending only the one-day event.
Click here to ask any questions.
Friday, May 20, 2011
Today, John Maxwell's "Leadership Word of the Day" is credibility. He has a nice one-minute video and you can also sign up to get these free at:
If you want to view my 45 minute conference presentation on credibility, you can find it here:
(When asked for a login, you can click the button that reads "login as a guest".)
I hope you listen to one or both of these and think about what it means to be credible as a person, a leader and a tester.
Have a great weekend!
Wednesday, May 04, 2011
Ten Proven Ways to De-Motivate Your Team
Thanks everyone for your kind words about my lightning keynote today at StarEast.
Here is the complete script:
10. Set unreasonable “stretch” goals just to see how hard people will work.
It really doesn’t matter what the goals are, or what the deadlines are, just make them really hard to achieve. If you really want to wear people down, do this at least once every 3 months. Overlapping stretch goals are especially fun.
9. Never explain your rationale for decisions.
Reasons? You don’t need no stinking reasons! “Because I said so” works just fine. In fact, it’s good mental exercise for your team to try to figure out your irrational actions.
8. Assign meaningless tasks.
The most important thing about work is that people look busy at all times. Whether it’s writing a PowerPoint presentation for you to impress your boss, or just to test until 6 in the evening, make sure everyone always looks busy.
7. No matter how good something is, criticize it.
Especially the first time you review it. Get a nice, big, red marker and go crazy. Forget about the main point of the content and focus on sentence structure or specific words you don’t like (such as “the” or “that”). Before long, people will give up and stop trying to make something right the first time.
6. Take all the credit for yourself.
After all, this team is your creation, right? This is especially important to remember at bonus time. Otherwise, you may have to suffer financially. (Don’t forget to attend all senior management meetings alone.)
5. Solve problems by building a new bureaucracy.
Remember, there are no simple solutions, only simple people. You are a much more complex person than that. You can design forms, approval processes and even spreadsheets. Of course, once you implement this required bureaucracy, you need to police it some way, so you will need a special team of spies to make sure everyone follows the “new way of doing things.”
4. Listen…like a brick wall.
The trick is to make people think you are listening. So, look them right in the eye, nod approvingly, but let your mind roam. Then, you can fulfill all your ADD fantasies. NBA scores, weekend plans, lunch plans….you name it.
3. Refuse to consider ways to do the job more effectively.
Tools? We don’t need no stinking tools, either! Besides, we can’t afford all those fancy tools. Free tools? We can’t use those – we do have rules to follow, you know. Training? We had a class 5 years ago. Can’t you people remember anything? Learn at lunch? Heck no, your team is too busy working through lunch. (See point #8 – always look busy.)
2. Treat your team like they are machines that should never break down.
I mean really. Why do these people call in sick and let you down when you least expect it. Who’s going to write your status report? And don’t even get me started about bathroom breaks!!
1. Never, ever, in any circumstance, give anyone praise or recognition.
Otherwise, people would start to feel hope and happiness, like when we saw all the teenagers leaving for home today. Remember, if you never praise anyone, you don’t have to insult them, just ignore them. Eventually they will leave and you can hire someone else to de-motivate.
Monday, May 02, 2011
StarEast 2011 - Free and Cheap Test Tools
Axiom - Requirements Management tool - http://www.iconcur-software.com/solutions.html
Dia (Visio alternative, helpful for drawing process flow diagrams, etc for test planning) - http://live.gnome.org/Dia
Gliffy (a web-based diagramming tool) http://www.gliffy.com/
Shapes - Shapes is a simple, elegant Diagramming app for Mac OS X Snow Leopard. http://shapesapp.com/
FreeMind (Mindmapping, useful for test design) - http://freemind.sourceforge.net/wiki/index.php/Main_Page
Runtestrun.com - Test case management
Sikuli - Sikuli is a visual technology to automate and test graphical user interfaces (GUI) using images (screenshots) - http://sikuli.org/
IcuTest - GUI Unit Testing for WPF - http://www.nxs-7.com/icu/
Selenium Grid - Selenium Grid transparently distribute your tests on multiple machines so that you can run your tests in parallel, cutting down the time required for running in-browser test suites. http://selenium-grid.seleniumhq.org/
eggPlant - Image based test automation - http://www.testplant.com/
TestRail - Test Management - http://www.gurock.com/testrail/
InCtrl - By monitoring the changes made to your system when you install new software it enables you to troubleshoot any unexpected problems that come up. http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,25126,00.asp
Paloma Print Perfect - STREAMDiff - Comparison of PDF docs - https://www.palomaprintproducts.com/STREAMdiff/printPerfect.asp
Skitch - Screen capture, crop, resize, sketch (Mac) - http://skitch.com/
TimeSnapper - Take screenshots automatically in background as you test - http://www.timesnapper.com/
VM Ware and MS Visual Studio 2011 Test have record features.
Snagit - Screen capture - http://www.techsmith.com/
BrowserMob - Cloud-based performance testing and monitoring - http://browsermob.com/performance-testing
WebTrends - web monitoring and analytics - http://www.webtrends.com/
Presently.com - allows individuals to post short, frequent updates that are tracked or "followed" by others. Unlike Twitter, Present.ly provides a secure and private way to share updates among members of a company, without them being visible to the outside world.
Sharepoint - www.microsoft.com
Skype - www.skype.com
Fluid - lets you create a Real Mac App (or "Fluid App") out of any website or web application, effectively turning your favorite web apps into OS X desktop apps. http://fluidapp.com/
Fake - Fake is a new browser for Mac OS X that makes web automation simple. Fake allows you to drag discrete browser Actions into a graphical Workflow that can be run again and again without human interaction. The Fake Workflows you create can be saved, reopened, and shared. www.fakeapp.com
TeamViewer - You can remote control your partner's PC as if you were sitting right in front of it. http://www.teamviewer.com/en/index.aspx
Logmein.com - Remote PC access. Free for up to 2 computers.
Joinme.com - Screen sharing
Thanks for all your input!
Monday, March 21, 2011
Minnesota Taxpayers to Foot a $7.25 Million Bill for a Failed Software Project
You can do a LOT of process improvement and optimization for $41! However, that's all seen as "QA stuff".
I really feel for the people of Minnesota on this one. But, I've seen this happen far too many times. The problem is that software projects are not performed in a vacuum. A vendor goes into an organization to work "with" the people, not "for" the people. So, if the organization is dysfunctional, so will be the project. The reality in this case (as I understand it) is that there were shortcomings on both sides. However, what often happens is that both sides get sucked into a death spiral. Neither can afford to leave, so they keep thrashing until the money runs out and/or someone decides to pull the plug.
Read more at Computerworld.com.
Wednesday, January 19, 2011
Abbott & Costello Meet Microsoft Outlook
I found this on Computerworld's Shark Tank and thought about the old "Who's on First?" bit. It's also a great example of trying to understand the users' true needs and expectations of software.
"He (Big Boss) wanted me to help him understand how Microsoft Outlook calendar appointments work with changing time zones," says fish. "I updated the online docs, then walked down the hall for the explanation to the big boss."
But as soon as the big guy hears the explanation -- how Outlook will automatically reflect the time-zone shift when the clock is changed -- he tells fish, "No, that's not what I need. I need to be able to set an appointment up for a certain time slot in the other time zone for next week, but then appear in the same time slot when I look at it with my PC set to my current time zone, this week.
"If I set it for 2 p.m. there, then it needs to show up as 2 p.m. on my calendar when I look at it from here, but for next week.
"And I want everyone else invited to the meeting to see it correctly when viewing both here and in the other time zone. And, oh yeah, it needs to show the correct time slot on my smartphone calendar, and on all the attendees' smartphones, next week when we're traveling."
Fish scratches his head and then attempts to explain that an appointment set in the other time zone will always appear in a different hour time-slot when viewed from a device set in the current time zone, and that it all depends on the time and time zone set on the device.
Big boss says, "No, you're not getting what I need. I need to be able to set an appointment up for a certain time slot in the other time zone for next week, but then appear in the same time slot when I look at it with my PC set to my current time zone. I can't believe that there isn't a way built into the software to do this!"
Reports fish, "I tried to explain it one more time, but in the end the big boss looked back with glazed-over eyes and said, 'Well, since the technology can't help me, I'm just going to print out my calendar and carry it with me to the other time zone.'
"Then he proceeded to print out next week's calendar on paper."
Friday, January 14, 2011
Book Review - "Glitch - The Hidden Impact of Faulty Software"
I have a great interest in the topic of software defects, their impact and how software failures happen. Books in the past such as "The Day the Phones Stopped", "Bad Software" and "Fatal Defect" have been great sources of documenting what has gone wrong due to software defects. These books serve as case studies for anyone who is involved in creating, testing or buying software products.
So, I was excited to see that a new book has been written on the topic. I'm not crazy about the title of "Glitch" because it tends to convey that a problem is minor. We see this a lot in the popular media as major system failures are described as glitches. I think the problems that Papows describe in this book are more than minor ones. Setting the title aside, I was happy to see a very recent accounting of computer failures in many domains - financial, government, medical, etc. Of course, I'm not happy for the problems, but it's good to see recent information.
This book is written at a level that non-technical people can understand and technical people can read without feeling insulted. That's a nice balance. The information is also sourced well. When it comes to reporting about failures, there are ten sides to every story. But having some objective sources is helpful.
To me, the strongest chapter was Chapter 8, "The Way Forward." In this chapter, Papows (who was the former President and CEO of Lotus Development) describes what organizations and individuals can do to help reduce the risk of computing failures. This is the only place QA and testing are mentioned in the book, which was a little disappointing to me, but I come from a biased perspective. I think people need to understand the project management reality of rushed deadlines, skimpy testing and lax attitudes toward quality to truly understand why software fails. This book gets into that to some degree, but not very deeply.
In fact, much of the book is written from a top-down perspective as opposed to an "in the trenches" perspective. I was hoping for a more detailed analysis of why some of the problems happened.
I can recommend this book to business managers to raise awareness of software risks and to software quality professionals who need good examples of past failures to make the case for better software development and testing processes. However, it may disappoint those looking for root cause analysis of software defects.
Six Seats Left for Test Automation and Test Team Leadership Training in Salt Lake City - Jan 25 - 27, 2011
Thursday, January 13, 2011
Tiger Woods Needs a Golf Teacher?
Tiger’s most recent coach was Hank Haney, who coached him from 2004 to May of 2010. Haney resigned because he felt he had taken Woods as far as he could.
But still, I kept thinking, if the world’s best (or at least in the top five) needs coaching, what does that say about the whole concept of personal improvement. How does that apply to what testers do?
After thinking about this, I started to see some reasons why even the best in what they do need a coach, teacher, or mentor.
We all need someone who will tell us the truth, no matter how ugly it may be. And, they need to be able to do that from an external and unbiased perspective. True, a golfer can have a video camera and other ways to capture their golf swing, but it takes a lot of experience and insight to see the one little flaw that can increase a score.
Tiger probably has lots of people he can ask for opinions, and most of them will tell Tiger what they think he wants to hear. I find managers like this all the time. They can’t get the real story because so many people are either afraid to give bad news, or they are people-pleasers.
2. Broad context
Hank Haney has coached thousands of golfers, and also many golf pros. He has seen more bad swings than just about anyone. He has also seen the best. He knows what makes a difference because he has seen the techniques work in practice. Haney understands the mental aspect of golf as well.
If you want to improve at anything, you have to practice and take positive action. Things that are easy to do are also easy not to do. A coach or mentor can ask you if you are on track doing the things needed to improve. They can’t make you do things, but they can remind you of your goals.
Everyone needs encouragement. Encouragement is interesting because it comes from others. You can have affirmations and self-talk, but a little encouragement from someone does so much more than what you can muster up yourself.
The results of these things are motivation and improvement. You’ll notice that I didn’t include either of these in the list the coach brings. These must come from the one being coached. These are brought out by a good teacher or coach.
Likewise, desire and the choice to change must come from those wishing to improve.
Keep in mind that I’m not necessarily talking about large steps of improvement. Whether you’re at the top of the game or just starting out, one tiny change can make a world of difference.
What About Testing?
Since many of you who read this blog are software testers or involved in software quality in some way, here are some tie-ins to what testers do.
Objectivity – This is the value of independent testers. The reason testers are needed is that they have a fresh view of something. They can see defects that someone with a lot of familiarity may miss. However, some testers are fearful of giving the bad news. That’s why a good testing process with measurements and metrics is so important. The process can deliver the news, whether good or bad.
Broad context – Testers do best, I believe, when they have worked in different companies and on different types of projects. You may not have much control over this, but you can still explore and expose yourself to different things. You can read, attend conferences, and get training to broaden your horizon.
Accountability – Testers can ask probing questions like, “Has this code been reviewed?” or “Has the business user seen this requirements document?” If there are development and testing processes in place, testers can tell if those processes are being followed.
Encouragement – Testers can give more than the bad news of defects. They can also give credit for great work.
I’ve been sitting on this article for two months. I’ve wanted to write it, but for some reason just could not get off the dime. Perhaps it was my own lack of motivation.
Then, this week I happened to be flipping through my “300 channels of nothing” on TV and came across “The Haney Project” on the Golf Channel. I had no idea what this show was about, but soon saw that it tied everything together for me. In this episode, Hank Haney was teaching Rush Limbaugh how to improve his golf game.
A couple of things that stood out to me were that 1) he told Rush to only think about one thing during his swing, not twelve, and 2) Haney was very encouraging. At the end of the program, Limbaugh remarked about how impressed he was about working with Haney. Unlike other teachers who had been negative and overbearing, Limbaugh found Haney to be supportive and positive.
When I watch TV, I like to watch programs that show how people can improve. I found this program very interesting just watching Hank Haney’s coaching style in action.
Oh, and after watching Rush play golf, I'm thinking, "Hey, I can do at least that good!" So who knows? I may actually dust off my garage sale clubs and hit the links.
The big take-away for me in all this is that we all need people around us to help us improve, to encourage us and to bring accountability. I encourage you to find someone who can be that coach to you or your team. If you need help in that effort, let me know.
I would like to hear your comments on this topic!